Periodic audit and maintenance of lifts

The Department of Labour Inspection is one of the Departments of the Ministry of Labour, Welfare and Social Insurance.

The basic objective of the Department is the continuous and steadfast improvement of the Occupational Health and Safety standards, to ensure a satisfactory level of air quality and of the environment in general, the safeguard of the employees the public and the environment against ionized radiation hazards and chemical substances.

The Safety and Health at Work (Operation, Maintenance and Audit of Lifts) Regulations of 2012 were published in the Cyprus Government Gazette on 28/12/2012. These new Regulations prescribe the obligations of lift owners and those persons who are directly involved in the maintenance and audit of lifts.

Periodic audit and maintenance of lifts

Periodic audit and maintenance of lifts is carried out by private auditors and maintenance persons respectively. The Minister of Labour and Social Insurance, through the Department of Labour Inspection is the competent authority for the implementation of the above Regulations.

The periodic audit of lifts will only be carried out by Authorized Lift Auditors at least once every 24 months. The maintenance of lifts shall only be carried out by Lift Maintenance Persons at least 12, 8 or 4 times per year depending on the use of the building (public sector buildings, lifts in private dwellings, hotel, hospital) as defined in Regulation 10(6) and Annex VIII of the Regulations.

Authorized Lift Auditors Registry and Lift Maintenance Persons Registry

The names of persons (physical or legal), which have been approved by the Department of Labour Inspection to carry out the maintenance of lifts and the periodic auditing of lifts, are listed in the Lift Maintenance Registry and the Authorised Lift Auditors Registry, respectively. The above Registries are kept updated at the Department’s website.

Lift Owner Obligations

Ensures, via periodic audit and maintenance, that the lift satisfies, throughout the duration of its use and at the same level the applicable technical requirements when it was first placed in operation and at least the requirements of Annex I (for lifts used by people and lifts used by people and goods) or of Annex II (for goods lifts only) of the above Regulations.

Ensures that the lift is audited at least once every 24 months or after major alterations on the lift or if a change in the use of the building occurs. The first audit must be done within 2 years from 31.8.2013, except in the case were major alterations have been made to the lift.

Ensures that the lift is maintained at least within the frequencies prescribed in the Regulations according to the category of the building in which it is installed.

Ensures that the Lift Maintenance Person is present during the lift audit.

Affixes inside the lift car (carrier) the marking «LIFT AUDIT: SUCCESSFUL», which is supplied by the Authorised Lift Auditor after each successful audit. The Audit Report issued by the Authorized Lift Auditor must be kept by the owner for 5 years.

Ensures that any requirements such as repairs, changes or replacements in the lift, are carried out within the time frame determined by the Auditor in his Report.

Takes immediate action to repair the lift in case of a malfunction or a breakdown, which may expose people using the lift to imminent and serious danger and takes efficient measures in order to prevent the use of the lift until it is repaired.

The audit of lifts is carried out only by Authorised Lifts Auditors after a written assignment from the lift Owner and after the respective fee is paid. The maintenance of lifts is carried out only by Lift Maintenance Persons.

Frequency of Lift Maintainance

The frequency of maintainance of each installed lift is specified in the Regulations as follows:

At least 12 times annually for lifts in buildings of public use, government and semi-governmental owned buildings and buildings that are listed in Annex VIII of the Regulations (eg. lifts in hospitals, clinics, hotels, airports, universities, parking places, department stores, restaurants, places of recreation and mass aggregation of public, etc).

At least 4 times annually for private use lifts (that is a lift installed in a private dwelling, in such a way that it is unapproachable from places outside the private dwelling and which can only be used by the householders or tenants of the private dwelling and their visitors) and for lifts connected to machinery and are exclusively intended for access to a working place.

At least 8 times annually for all other lifts, that is lifts installed in buildings that are not included in the above two categories.

In special cases (eg. old lift, frequent malfunctions or stoppages with trapped persons) it may be required that, for at least a limited time, a more frequent maintainance interval than that specified in the Regulations to ensure a good operational condition of the lift or the quality of service of lift users.

Major Lift Alterations

In cases where the owner proceeds with major alterations of the lift, he should ensure that the lift is audited by an Authorized Lift Auditor. The Regulations specify the term "major alteration". Such major alterations are the following:

Change of nominal speed, nominal load, weight of car (carrier) and the length of travel.

Change or replacement of the type of the interlocking devices, the lift normal operation system, the guides or the type of the guides, type of door, the drive mechanism or the friction pulley, the overspeed governor, the means of protection against uncontrolled movement of the car (carrier) during ascent or descent, the buffers for the car (carrier), the device preventing the free fall of the lift, the control panel or the control electrical installation and the lift car (carrier).

Source: Department of Labour Inspection